CompGeo Salary Survey Benchmark Job Summary and Competencies

Highway Maintenance Workers

The Benchmark Job Description below represents the specific Position Characteristics of the job used in the Salary Survey. Benchmark Job Descriptions should be inspected carefully to review the degree of matching between an organizations' Job and the Salary Survey Benchmark. Matching internal Jobs to Salary Survey Benchmark Jobs should not be done on Job Title alone. A thorough comparison of Salary Survey Benchmark to Internal Job Descriptions is recommended. A good overlap should exist on any comparisons used on critical Job Dimensions and Competencies.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Summary Job Description Tasks
Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway. Flag motorists to warn them of obstacles or repair work ahead.
Set out signs and cones around work areas to divert traffic.
Dump, spread, and tamp asphalt, using pneumatic tampers, to repair joints and patch broken pavement.
Drive trucks to transport crews and equipment to work sites.
Inspect, clean, and repair drainage systems, bridges, tunnels, and other structures.
Haul and spread sand, gravel, and clay to fill washouts and repair road shoulders.
Erect, install, or repair guardrails, road shoulders, berms, highway markers, warning signals, and highway lighting, using hand tools and power tools.
Remove litter and debris from roadways, including debris from rock and mud slides.
Clean and clear debris from culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, ditches, and other drain structures.
Perform roadside landscaping work, such as clearing weeds and brush, and planting and trimming trees.
Paint traffic control lines and place pavement traffic messages, by hand or using machines.
Inspect markers to verify accurate installation.
Apply poisons along roadsides and in animal burrows to eliminate unwanted roadside vegetation and rodents.
Measure and mark locations for installation of markers, using tape, string, or chalk.
Apply oil to road surfaces, using sprayers.
Blend compounds to form adhesive mixtures used for marker installation.
Place and remove snow fences used to prevent the accumulation of drifting snow on highways.
Perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment.
Drive heavy equipment and vehicles with adjustable attachments to sweep debris from paved surfaces, mow grass and weeds, remove snow and ice, and spread salt and sand.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Important Knowledge Competencies Competency Description
Public Safety and Security Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Building and Construction Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Education and Training Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Law and Government Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Mechanical Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Transportation Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
Customer and Personal Service Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Mathematics Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Telecommunications Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
Personnel and Human Resources Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Important Skill Competencies Competency Description
Operation Monitoring Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Operation and Control Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Monitoring Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Equipment Maintenance Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Troubleshooting Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Coordination Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Quality Control Analysis Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Social Perceptiveness Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Repairing Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Important Ability Competencies Competency Description
Control Precision The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Multilimb Coordination The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
Arm-Hand Steadiness The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Problem Sensitivity The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Manual Dexterity The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Reaction Time The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
Near Vision The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Deductive Reasoning The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Inductive Reasoning The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Visualization The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
Selective Attention The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
Depth Perception The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
Auditory Attention The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
Oral Comprehension The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Finger Dexterity The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Response Orientation The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
Rate Control The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
Static Strength The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
Trunk Strength The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Information Ordering The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Flexibility of Closure The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Perceptual Speed The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
Time Sharing The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
Speed of Limb Movement The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
Far Vision The ability to see details at a distance.
Oral Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Hearing Sensitivity The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
Speech Recognition The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speech Clarity The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Category Flexibility The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Gross Body Coordination The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
Spatial Orientation The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
Stamina The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
Extent Flexibility The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Tools/Technology Example Product Category
Database software Data base user interface and query software
Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Office software Office suite software
Microsoft Outlook Electronic mail software
Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation software
Microsoft Word Word processing software
Spreadsheet software Spreadsheet software
Web browser software Internet browser software
Word processing software Word processing software
10-ton crawlers All terrain cranes
10-ton tandem-axle dump trucks Dump trucks
13000-23000 pound graders Graders
30-ton clam buckets Earthmoving buckets or its parts or accessories
4-6 ton roller patchers Rollers
8-ton dump trucks Dump trucks
Adjustable widemouth pliers Adjustable widemouth pliers
Adjustable wrenches Adjustable wrenches
Aggregate spreaders Aggregate spreaders
Air compressors Air compressors
Asphalt reclaimers Road surface heater planers
Athey loaders Wheel loaders
Belly dump tractor trailers Dump trucks
Berm drag tractors Agricultural tractors
Bituminous pavers Bituminous material distributors
Boom trucks Conventional truck cranes
Brush chippers Power chippers
Bucket trucks Articulating boom lift
Bulldozers Wheel bulldozers
Bush axes Axes
Catch basin vacuum cleaners Drain or pipe cleaning equipment
Chain saws Power saws
Chemical sprayers Sprayers
Cherry pickers Articulating boom lift
Chip spreaders Chip Spreaders
Circuit testing equipment Circuit tester
Cold planers Cold planers
Compactors Compactors
Computerized weed spray trucks Sprayers
Concrete groovers Road rooters
Concrete mixers Concrete mixers or plants
Concrete paving vibrators Vibratory plates
Concrete saws Power saws
Culvert cleaners Drain or pipe cleaning equipment
Desktop computers Desktop computers
Digger-derrick trucks Derricks
Ditchers Ditchers
Draglines Draglines
Dump trucks Dump trucks
Epoxy guns Hand sprayers
Flatbed trailers Flatbed trailers
Forklifts Forklifts
Four-wheel drive front end loaders Front end loaders
Front end loaders Front end loaders
Gas transporters Cargo trucks
Generators Gas generators
Gradalls Track excavators
Graders Graders
Graffiti removing lasers Lasers
Hammers Hammers
Harrows Harrows
Heavy trucks Delivery trucks
High-pressure hydraulic pumps Hydraulic pumps
Hole diggers/augers Post hole digger
Hydraulic excavators Track excavators
Hydraulic spreaders Aggregate spreaders
Impact wrenches Impact wrenches
Jackhammers Pneumatic hammer
Laser printers Laser printers
Laydown machines Road pavers
Light trucks Light trucks or sport utility vehicles
Low boys Flatbed trailers
Machetes Machetes
Measuring wheels Measuring wheels for distance
Medium pressure hydraulic pumps Hydraulic pumps
Mounted pavement breakers Paving breaker tools or accessories
Mud jacks Mud pumps
Multipurpose vacuum street sweepers Vacuum cleaners
Oil heating burners Burners
Paint guns Paint sprayers
Paint mixers Paint mixers
Paint transfer pumps Hydraulic pumps
Patch rollers less than 9 tons Rollers
Pavement grinders Paving breakers
Pavement joint sealers Grouting machines
Pavement rollers Rollers
Personal computers Personal computers
Picks Picks
Pile drivers Pile drivers
Platform trucks Platform lift
Pneumatic tampers Tampers
Pothole excavation milling machines Paving breakers
Power broom street sweepers Scrubbing machines
Power saws Power saws
Power screeds Concrete spreaders
Pressure washers Pressure or steam cleaners
Pull type pavers Road pavers
Push mowers Lawnmowers
Rakes Rakes
Rear brush hog mowers Mowers
Rear flail mowers Mowers
Rock cutters Rock cutters
Rock drills Hand held rock drills
Rotary snowplows Snowplow attachments
Sand spreaders Aggregate spreaders
Sandblasters Pneumatic sanding machines
Scaffolding Scaffolding
Scissor trucks Scissor lift
Screwdrivers Screwdrivers
Seeders Seeder attachment
Self-propelled cranes All terrain cranes
Self-propelled road wideners Road wideners
Self-propelled sweepers Scrubbing machines
Sewer cleaners Drain or pipe cleaning equipment
Sewer eels Drain or pipe cleaning equipment
Shovels Shovels
Side dozers Track bulldozers
Side-mount rotary mowers Mowers
Snoopers Bridge cranes
Snow blowers Snow blowers
Snowplows Snowplow attachments
Spades Spades
Steam cleaning equipment Pressure or steam cleaners
Stone box spreaders Aggregate spreaders
Stump cutters Blades or tooth or other cutting edges
Swinging stages Scaffolding
Swiss hammers Hammers
Tanker trucks Non temperature controlled tanker trailers
Tar distributors Bituminous material distributors
Tar kettles Kettle exchangers
Theodolites Theodolites
Thermoplastic applicators Paint sprayers
Tire chains Safety chains
Tow brooms Scrubbing machines
Towable barricades Barricades
Tractor disc attachments Disks
Tractor-mounted mowers Mowers
Transport trucks Delivery trucks
Truck low-bed trailer combos Low cab forward tractors
Truck mounted cranes Conventional truck cranes
Truck mounted excavators Mobile excavators
Truck-mounted pavement striping machines Paint sprayers
Two way radios Two way radios
Two-wheel drive front end loaders Front end loaders
Vans Minivans or vans
Water pumps Water pumps
Water trucks Water trucks
Weedeaters Weeders
Welding equipment Welding tools
Wheeled hydraulic booms Hydraulic truck cranes
Windrow loaders Bituminous material distributors
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Prerequisite Qualification Category Education and Experience Level
Required Level of Education High School Diploma (or GED or High School Equivalence Certificate)
Related Work Experience None
On-the-Job Training Over 3 months, up to and including 6 months
On-Site or In-Plant Training Over 1 month, up to and including 3 months
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Alternate Job Title(s)
Caltrans Equipment Operator
Caltrans Landscape Maintenance Worker
Equipment Operator (EO)
Heavy Equipment Operator
Highway Maintainer
Highway Maintenance Crew Worker
Highway Maintenance Technician
Highway Maintenance Worker
Highway Worker
Hot Oiler
Lane Marker Installer
Maintenance Technician
Maintenance Worker
Material Handler
Materials Handling Equipment Operator
Oil Spreader Operator
Paint Crew Person
Road Builder
Road Grader Operator
Road Maker
Road Mender
Road Oiler
Road Oiling Truck Driver
Road Patcher
Road Repairer
Road Sign Installer
Road Worker
Snow Plow Operator
Street Worker
Striper Paint Gun Operator
Traffic Control Specialist
Transportation Maintenance Operator
Transportation Maintenance Specialist (TMS)
Transportation Worker
Truck Driver
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
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