CompGeo Salary Survey Benchmark Job Summary and Competencies

Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists

The Benchmark Job Description below represents the specific Position Characteristics of the job used in the Salary Survey. Benchmark Job Descriptions should be inspected carefully to review the degree of matching between an organizations' Job and the Salary Survey Benchmark. Matching internal Jobs to Salary Survey Benchmark Jobs should not be done on Job Title alone. A thorough comparison of Salary Survey Benchmark to Internal Job Descriptions is recommended. A good overlap should exist on any comparisons used on critical Job Dimensions and Competencies.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Summary Job Description Tasks
Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research. Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings.
Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.
Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination.
Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels.
Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians.
Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.
Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.
Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites.
Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs.
Study animal and human health and physiological processes.
Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, and others regarding medical applications of physics, biology, and chemistry.
Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, and chromatography systems.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Important Knowledge Competencies Competency Description
Biology Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Mathematics Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Medicine and Dentistry Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Chemistry Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Administration and Management Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Communications and Media Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Education and Training Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Personnel and Human Resources Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Clerical Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Computers and Electronics Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Public Safety and Security Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Physics Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Important Skill Competencies Competency Description
Science Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Complex Problem Solving Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Writing Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Active Learning Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Monitoring Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Judgment and Decision Making Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Systems Analysis Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Social Perceptiveness Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Systems Evaluation Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Time Management Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Mathematics Using mathematics to solve problems.
Coordination Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Persuasion Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Instructing Teaching others how to do something.
Service Orientation Actively looking for ways to help people.
Operations Analysis Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
Management of Personnel Resources Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Learning Strategies Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Important Ability Competencies Competency Description
Oral Comprehension The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Inductive Reasoning The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Oral Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Deductive Reasoning The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Written Expression The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Problem Sensitivity The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Near Vision The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Speech Clarity The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Information Ordering The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Speech Recognition The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Category Flexibility The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Mathematical Reasoning The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Flexibility of Closure The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
Selective Attention The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
Originality The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Number Facility The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
Perceptual Speed The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
Fluency of Ideas The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
Finger Dexterity The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Tools/Technology Example Product Category
Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software Graphics or photo imaging software
BioArray Software Environment BASE software Analytical or scientific software
Database software Data base user interface and query software
Medical Scientists HybridAI Analytical or scientific software
Medical Scientists MediSave Analytical or scientific software
Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Visual Basic Development environment software
Microsoft Word Word processing software
PerkinElmer TurboMass Analytical or scientific software
Presentation software Presentation software
Spreadsheet software Spreadsheet software
Statistical software Analytical or scientific software
The MathWorks MATLAB Analytical or scientific software
Thermo ToxLab Analytical or scientific software
Triple G ULTRA Laboratory Information System Analytical or scientific software
Waters Empower 2 Data base user interface and query software
Waters MassLynx Analytical or scientific software
Waters Millennium32 Analytical or scientific software
Waters Q-DIS/QM LIMS Analytical or scientific software
Waters eLab Notebook Data base user interface and query software
Word processing software Word processing software
Absorption tubes Chromatography tubing
Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Autoclaves Steam autoclaves or sterilizers
Automated centrifuges Benchtop centrifuges
Automated deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers
Balances Laboratory balances
Beta counters Beta counters
Binocular light compound microscopes Binocular light compound microscopes
Blenders Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers
Blood gas machines Blood gas analyzers
Bomb calorimeters Calorimeters
Bone ultrasound densitometers Medical ultrasound bone densitometers
Capillary electrophoresis equipment Instrumentation for capillary electrophoresis
Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators
Cell disruptors Ultrasonic disintegrators
Centrifuges Benchtop centrifuges
Chemistry analyzers Chemistry analyzers
Chromatographic tubes Chromatography tubing
Coagulation machines Coagulation analyzers
Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Colorimeters Colorimeters
Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes
Confocal microscopes Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes
Coulter counters Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters
Crossflow filtration systems Laboratory filtration hardware or accessories
Cuvettes Cuvettes
Cyclotrons Mobile or transportable medical linear accelerators
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits
Desktop computers Desktop computers
Developing tanks Thin layer chromatography tanks
Differential cell counters Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters
Electrical conductivity meters Conductivity meters
Electrocardiography EKG machines Electrocardiography EKG units
Electron microscopes Electron microscopes
Electrophoresis power systems Electrophoresis system power supplies
Erlenmeyer flasks Laboratory flasks
Fermenters Standard fermentation units
Filter funnels Laboratory funnels
Fixed-angle microfuges Microcentrifuges
Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Flame photometers Photometers
Flasks Laboratory flasks
Flow cytometers Microbiology analyzers
Fourier Transform IR spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Fume hoods Fume hoods or cupboards
Gamma counters Gamma counters
Gas chromatographs GC Gas chromatographs
Gel documentation systems Gel documentation systems
Gel dryers Gel dryers
Gel electrophoresis boxes Gel boxes
Glassware washers Laboratory washing machines
Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Heat lamps Laboratory heaters
Heating blocks Dry baths or heating blocks
Hematology analyzers Hematology analyzers
High-pressure liquid chromatographs High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography
High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners
High-speed centrifuges Benchtop centrifuges
Homogenizers Homogenizers
Hot air ovens Laboratory mechanical convection ovens
Hot plates Laboratory hotplates
Incubators Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators
Ion chromatographs Ion chromatographs
Laboratory evaporators Laboratory evaporators
Laminar flow hoods Laminar flow cabinets or stations
Laptop computers Notebook computers
Laser printers Laser printers
Liquid handling robots Robotic or automated liquid handling systems
Magnetic stirrers Magnetic stirrers
Mainframe computers Mainframe computers
Mass spectrometers Mass spectrometers
Measuring cylinders Laboratory graduated cylinders
Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners
Mercury analyzers Chemistry analyzers
Microarrayer scanners Robotic or automated liquid handling systems
Microdiffusion dishes Petri plates or dishes
Microplate readers Microplate readers
Microscope/video camera stations Videoscopes
Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers
Pasteur pipettes Pasteur or transfer pipettes
Peptide synthesizers Hematology or chemistry mixers
Personal computers Personal computers
Petri dishes Petri plates or dishes
Pipettes Dropping pipettes
Plate washers Microplate washers
Positron emission tomography PET scanners Medical positron emission tomography PET units
Powder funnels Laboratory funnels
Recording spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Refrigerated centrifuges Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
Refrigerated swinging bucket centrifuges Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
Rotary evaporators Vacuum or rotary evaporators
Scintillation counters Liquid scintillation counters
Selective ion meters Ion selective electrode ISE meters
Shaking incubators Shaking incubators
Speed vacs Vacuum or centrifugal concentrators
Spray atomizers Laboratory sprayers
Steam distillation apparatus Extracting equipment for laboratories
Tabletop centrifuges Benchtop centrifuges
Thermal cyclers Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers
Thin layer chromatography equipment Thinlayer chromatographs
Thin layer chromatography plates Microplates
Ultracentrifuges Ultracentrifuges
Ultralow freezers Ultra cold or ultralow upright cabinets or freezers
Ultrasound imaging scanners Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use
Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers Ultraviolet crosslinkers
Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers Spectrophotometers
Volumetric flasks Laboratory flasks
Vortex mixers Vortex mixers
pH meters pH meters
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Prerequisite Qualification Category Education and Experience Level
Required Level of Education Doctoral Degree
Related Work Experience Over 2 years, up to and including 4 years
On-Site or In-Plant Training Up to and including 1 month
On-the-Job Training Over 6 months, up to and including 1 year
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Alternate Job Title(s)
Cancer Researcher
Clinical Analyst
Clinical Laboratory Scientist
Clinical Pharmacologist
Clinical Research Associate
Clinical Research Director
Clinical Research Scientist
Clinical Researcher
Good Laboratory Practice In Vitro Study Director (GLP In Vitro Study Director)
Industrial Pharmacist
Laboratory Director
Medical Affairs Director
Medical Health Researcher
Medical Physicist
Medical Research Scientist
Medical Scientist
Mental Health Researcher
Neurosurgery Research Director
Pesticide Use Medical Coordinator
Pharmaceutical Botanist
Physical Scientist
Post-Doctoral Fellow
Research Assistant
Research Associate
Research Grant Specialist
Research Scientist
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific
Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
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