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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
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Job Family: Architecture
Benchmark Title: Architects, Except Landscape and Marine
Architects, Except Landscape and Naval plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings,
theaters, factories, and other structural property. Architects provide professional services to individuals and
organizations planning a construction project. They may be involved in all phases of development, from the initial
discussion with the client through the entire construction process. Their duties require specific skills¨designing,
engineering, managing, supervising, and communicating with clients and builders. Architects spend a great deal of
time explaining their ideas to clients, construction contractors, and others. Successful architects must be able to
communicate their unique vision persuasively.
 
Benchmark Title: Landscape Architects
Landscape architects work for many types of organizations from real estate development firms starting new projects
to municipalities constructing airports or parks and they often are involved with the development of a site from
its conception. Working with architects, surveyors, and engineers, landscape architects help determine the best
arrangement of roads and buildings. They also collaborate with environmental scientists, foresters, and other
professionals to find the best way to conserve or restore natural resources. Once these decisions are made,
landscape architects create detailed plans indicating new topography, vegetation, walkways, and other landscaping
details, such as fountains and decorative features.After studying and analyzing the site, landscape architects
prepare a preliminary design. To account for the needs of the client as well as the conditions at the site, they
frequently make changes before a final design is approved. They also take into account any local, State, or Federal
regulations, such as those protecting wetlands or historic resources
 
 
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Job Family: Chemists
Benchmark Title: Biochemists and Biophyicists
Biochemists study the chemical composition of living things. They analyze the complex chemical combinations and
reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. Biochemists and molecular biologists do most
of their work in the field of biotechnology, which involves understanding the complex chemistry of life.
Biophysicists study the application of principles of physics, such as electrical and mechanical energy and related
phenomena, to living cells and organisms.
 
Benchmark Title: Biological Technicians
Biological Technicians assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories.
They set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, make observations,
and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.
 
Benchmark Title: Chemists, Except Biochemists
Chemists and materials scientists search for and use new knowledge about chemicals. Chemical research has led to
the discovery and development of new and improved synthetic fibers, paints, adhesives, drugs, cosmetics, electronic
components, lubricants, and thousands of other products. Chemists and materials scientists also develop processes
that save energy and reduce pollution, such as improved oil refining and petrochemical processing methods. Research
on the chemistry of living things spurs advances in medicine, agriculture, food processing, and other fields.
 
 
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Job Family: Drafting
Benchmark Title: Architectural and Civil Drafters
Architectural drafters draw architectural and structural features of buildings and other structures. These workers
may specialize in a type of structure, such as residential or commercial, or in a kind of material used, such as
reinforced concrete, masonry, steel, or timber. Civil drafters prepare drawings and topographical and relief maps
used in major construction or civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, pipelines, flood control
projects, and water and sewage systems.
 
Benchmark Title: Drafter I
Drafter I prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized structures, systems, parts or equipment from sketches or
marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates or uses a compass and other equipment needed to complete
assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed
instructions on new assignments, gives guidance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.
Traditionally, drafters sat at drawing boards and used pencils, pens, compasses, protractors, triangles, and other
drafting devices to prepare a drawing manually. Most drafters now use computer-aided design and drafting (CADD)
systems to prepare drawing.
 
Benchmark Title: Drafter II
Drafter II prepares various drawings of such units as construction projects or parts and assemblies, including
various views, sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work
requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of
the occupation. Makes arithmetic computations using standard formulas. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in
general terms. Unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and
precedents to follow. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the
desired results. More complex revisions are produced from sketches or specifications which clearly depict the
desired product.Traditionally, drafters sat at drawing boards and used pencils, pens, compasses, protractors,
triangles, and other drafting devices to prepare a drawing manually. Most drafters now use computer-aided design
and drafting (CADD) systems to prepare drawing.
 
Benchmark Title: Drafter III
Drafter III prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly
drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and
portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to draw land contours or to compute
weights, center of gravity, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of material, etc. Works from sketches, models,
and verbal information supplied by an engineer, architect, or designer to determine the most appropriate views,
detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from
precedents, manufacturersĂ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems
encountered. Supervisor or design originator may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually
difficult problems.Traditionally, drafters sat at drawing boards and used pencils, pens, compasses, protractors,
triangles, and other drafting devices to prepare a drawing manually. Most drafters now use computer-aided design
and drafting (CADD) systems to prepare drawing.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Drafter IV Level A
Drafter IV works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual,
complex, or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult
assignmentsrequiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated
problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises
independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working
primarily as a drafter, may occasionally interpret general designs prepared by others to complete minor details.
May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex
drafting projects. Traditionally, drafters sat at drawing boards and used pencils, pens, compasses, protractors,
triangles, and other drafting devices to prepare a drawing manually. Most drafters now use computer-aided design
and drafting (CADD) systems to prepare drawing.
 
Benchmark Title: Electrical and Electronics Drafters
Electrical drafters prepare wiring and layout diagrams used by workers who erect, install, and repair electrical
equipment and wiring in communication centers, powerplants, electrical distribution systems, and buildings.
Electronics drafters draw wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, schematics, and layout drawings used in
the manufacture, installation, and repair of electronic devices and components.
 
Benchmark Title: Mechanical Drafters
Mechanical drafters prepare detail and assembly drawings of a wide variety of machinery and mechanical devices,
indicating dimensions, fastening methods, and other requirements.
 
Benchmark Title: Surveying and Mapping Technicians
Traditional land surveyors establish official land, air space, and water boundaries. They write descriptions of
land for deeds, leases, and other legal documents; define airspace for airports; and measure construction and
mineral sites. Other surveyors provide data relevant to the shape, contour, location, elevation, or dimension of
land or land features. Cartographers compile geographic, political, and cultural information and prepare maps of
large areas. Photogrammetrists measure and analyze aerial photographs that are subsequently used to prepare
detailed maps and drawings. Surveying technicians assist land surveyors by operating survey instruments and
collecting information in the field and by performing computations and computer-aided drafting in offices. Mapping
technicians calculate mapmaking information from field notes. They also draw topographical maps and verify their
accuracy.
 
 
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Job Family: Engineering
Benchmark Title: Agricultural Engineers
Agricultural engineers apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agriculture. They design
agricultural machinery and equipment and agricultural structures. Some specialties include power systems and
machinery design; structures and environment; and food and bioprocess engineering. They develop ways to conserve
soil and water and to improve the processing of agricultural products. Agricultural engineers work in research and
development, production, sales, or management.
 
Benchmark Title: Biomedical Engineers
By combining biology and medicine with engineering, biomedical engineers develop
devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems. Many do research, along with life
scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, to develop and evaluate systems and products for use in the fields of
biology and health, such as artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts),
instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. (See biological
scientists, medical scientists, and chemists and materials scientists elsewhere in the Handbook.) Biomedical
engineers design devices used in various medical procedures, such as the computers used to analyze blood or the
laser systems used in corrective eye surgery. They develop artificial organs, imaging systems such as magnetic
resonance, ultrasound, and x-ray, and devices for automating insulin injections or controlling body functions. Most
engineers in this specialty require a sound background in one of the basic engineering specialties, such as
mechanical or electronics engineering, in addition to specialized biomedical training. Some specialties within
biomedical engineering include biomaterials, biomechanics, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering, and
rthopedic engineering. Unlike many other engineering specialties, a graduate degree is recommended or required for
many entry-level jobs.
 
Benchmark Title: Chemical Engineers
Chemical engineers build a bridge between science and manufacturing, applying the principles of chemistry and
engineering to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals. They design equipment and develop
processes for large-scale chemical manufacturing, plan and test methods of manufacturing products and treating
byproducts, and supervise production. Chemical engineers also work in a variety of manufacturing industries other
than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing electronics, photographic equipment, clothing, and pulp and
paper. They also work in the healthcare, biotechnology, and business services industries.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineers, Including Traffic
Civil engineers design and supervise the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and
water supply and sewage systems. Civil engineering, considered one of the oldest engineering disciplines,
encompasses many specialties. The major specialties within civil engineering are structural, water resources,
environmental, construction, transportation, and geotechnical engineering. Many civil engineers hold supervisory
or administrative positions, from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer. Others may work in design,
construction, research, and teaching.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Computer Engineers
Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer hardware and supervise its manufacture and
installation. Hardware refers to computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment such as
keyboards, modems, and printers. The work of computer hardware engineers is very similar to that of electronics
engineers, but, unlike electronics engineers, computer hardware engineers work exclusively with computers and
computer-related equipment. In addition to design and development duties, computer hardware engineers may supervise
the manufacture and installation of computers and computer-related equipment. The rapid advances in computer
technology are largely a result of the research, development, and design efforts of computer hardware engineers. To
keep up with technological advances, these engineers must continually update their knowledge.
 
Benchmark Title: Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Electrical and electronics engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical and
electronic equipment. Some of this equipment includes broadcast and communications systems; electric motors,
machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings, automobiles, aircraft, and radar and navigation systems; and
power generating, controlling, and transmission devices used by electric utilities. Electrical and electronics
engineers specialize in different areas such as power generation, transmission, and distribution; communications;
and electrical equipment manufacturing, or a specialty within one of these areas¨industrial robot control systems
or aviation electronics, for example. Electrical and electronics engineers design new products, write performance
requirements, and develop maintenance schedules.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineer I (Entry)
Engineer 1 as entry-level engineers perform assignments designed to develop professional work knowledge and
abilities. May also receive formal classroom or seminartype training. Works under close supervision. Receives
specific and detailed instructions as to required tasks and results expected. Work is checked during progress and
is reviewed for accuracy upon completion.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineer II (Junior)
Engineer II performs routine engineering work requiring application of standard techniques, procedures, and
criteria in carrying out a sequence of related engineering tasks. Limited exercise of judgment is required on
details of work and in making preliminary selections and adaptations of engineering alternatives. Requires work
experience acquired in an entry-level position, or appropriate graduate-level study. For training and developmental
purposes, assignments may include some work that is typical of a higher level. Supervisor screens assignments for
unusual or difficult problems and selects techniques and procedures to be applied on non-routine work. Receives
close supervision on new aspects of assignments.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineer III (Fully Qualified)
Engineer III independently evaluates, selects, and applies standard engineering techniques, procedures, and
criteria, using judgment in making minor adaptations and modifications. Assignments have clear and specified
objectives and require the investigation of a limited number of variables. Performance at this level requires
developmental experience in a professional position, or equivalent graduate-level education. Direction received:
Receives instructions on specific assignment objectives, complex features, and possible solutions. Assistance is
furnished on unusual problems and work is reviewed for application of sound professional judgment. Performs work
which involves conventional types of plans, investigations, surveys, structures, or equipment with relatively few
complex features for which there are precedents.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Engineer IV (Senior/Advanced)
Engineer IV being knowledgeable in all conventional aspects of the subject matter or the functional area of the
assignments, plans and conducts work requiring judgment in the independent evaluation, selection, and substantial
adaptation and modification of standard techniques, procedures, and criteria. Devises new approaches to problems
encountered. Requires sufficient professional experience to assure competence as a fully trained worker; or, for
positions primarily of a research nature, completion of all requirements for a doctoral degree may be substituted
for experience. Direction received: Independently performs most assignments with instructions as to the general
results expected. Receives technical guidance on unusual or complex problems and supervisory approval on proposed
plans for projects. Typical duties and responsibilities: Plans, schedules, conducts, or coordinates detailed
phases of the engineering work in a part of a major project or in a total project of moderate scope. Performs work
which involves conventional engineering practice but may include a variety of complex features such as conflicting
design requirements, unsuitability of standard materials, and difficult coordination requirements. Work requires a
broad knowledge of precedents in the specialty area and a good knowledge of principles and practices of related
specialties. Responsibility for the direction of others: May supervise a few engineers or technicians on assigned
work.
 
Benchmark Title: Environmental Engineers
Using the principles of biology and chemistry, environmental engineers develop solutions to environmental problems.
They are involved in water and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, and public health issues.
Environmental engineers conduct hazardous-waste management studies in which they evaluate the significance of the
hazard, offer analysis on treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps. They design
municipal water supply and industrial wastewater treatment systems. They conduct research on proposed environmental
projects, analyze scientific data, and perform quality control checks. Environmental engineers are concerned with
local and worldwide environmental issues. They study and attempt to minimize the effects of acid rain, global
warming, automobile emissions, and ozone depletion. They also are involved in the protection of wildlife.
 
Benchmark Title: Industrial Engineers, Except Safety
Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production¨people, machines,
materials, information, and energy¨to make a product or to provide a service. They are the bridge between
management goals and operational performance. They are more concerned with increasing productivity through the
management of people, methods of business organization, and technology than are engineers in other specialties, who
generally work more with products or processes. Although most industrial engineers work in manufacturing
industries, they may also work in consulting services, healthcare, and communications.
 
Benchmark Title: Mechanical Engineers
Mechanical engineers research, develop, design, manufacture, and test tools, engines, machines, and other
mechanical devices. They work on power-producing machines such as electric generators, internal combustion engines,
and steam and gas turbines. They also develop power-using machines such as refrigeration and air-conditioning
equipment, machine tools, material handling systems, elevators and escalators, industrial production equipment, and
robots used in manufacturing. Mechanical engineers also design tools that other engineers need for their work. The
field of nanotechnology, which involves the creation of high-performance materials and components by integrating
atoms and molecules, is introducing entirely new principles to the design process.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Mining Engineers, Including Mine Safety
Mining and geological engineers find, extract, and prepare coal, metals, and minerals for use by manufacturing
industries and utilities. They design open pit and underground mines, often using computers; supervise the
construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground operations; and devise methods for transporting minerals to
processing plants. Mining engineers are responsible for the safe, economical, and environmentally sound operation
of mines. Some mining engineers work with geologists and metallurgical engineers to locate and appraise new ore
deposits. Others develop new mining equipment or direct mineral processing operations to separate minerals from the
dirt, rock, and other materials with which they are mixed. Mining engineers frequently specialize in the mining of
one mineral or metal, such as coal or gold. With increased emphasis on protecting the environment, many mining
engineers work to solve problems related to land reclamation and water and air pollution.
 
Benchmark Title: Nuclear Engineers
Nuclear Engineers conduct research on nuclear engineering problems or apply principles and theory of nuclear
science to problems concerned with release, control, and utilization of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.
Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear
energy and radiation. They design, develop, monitor, and operate nuclear plants used to generate power. They may
work on the nuclear fuel cycle¨the production, handling, and use of nuclear fuel and the safe disposal of waste
produced by the generation of nuclear energy¨or on the production of fusion energy. Some specialize in the
development of nuclear power sources for spacecraft; others find industrial and medical uses for radioactive
materials, such as equipment to diagnose and treat medical problems.
 
Benchmark Title: Petroleum Engineers
Petroleum engineers work with geologists and other specialists to understand the
geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the reservoir, determine the drilling methods to be used,
and monitor drilling and production operations. They design equipment and processes to achieve the maximum
profitable recovery of oil and gas. Petroleum engineers rely heavily on computer models to simulate reservoir
performance using different recovery techniques. They also use computer models for simulations of the effects of
various drilling options.
 
Benchmark Title: Safety Engineers, Except Mining
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors promote worksite or product safety by
applying knowledge of industrial processes, mechanics, chemistry, psychology, and industrial health and safety
laws. Include industrial product safety engineers.
 
 
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Job Family: Engineering Technicians
Benchmark Title: Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians install, construct, maintain, and test systems used to test,
launch, or track aircraft and space vehicles. They may calibrate test equipment and determine causes of equipment
malfunctions. Using computer and communications systems, aerospace engineering and operations technicians often
record and interpret test data.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician I
Engineering Technician, Civil I performs simple, routine tasks under close supervision or from detailed procedures.
Work is checked in progress and on completion.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician II
Engineering Technician, Civil II performs standard or prescribed assignments involving a sequence of related
operations. Follows standard work methods and receives detailed instructions on unfamiliar assignments. Technical
adequacy of routine work is assessed upon completion; non-routine work is reviewed in progress.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician III
Engineering Technician, Civil III performs assignments which include nonstandard
applications, analyses or tests; or the use of complex instruments. Selects or adapts standard procedures using
fully applicable precedents. Receives initial instructions, requirements and advice as needed; performs recurring
work independently. Work is reviewed for technical adequacy and conformance with instructions.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician IV
Engineering Technician, Civil IV plans and performs non-routine assignments of substantial variety and complexity.
Selects appropriate guidelines to resolve problems which are not fully covered by precedents. Performs recurring
work independently, receiving technical advice as needed.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician V
Engineering Technician, Civil V performs non-routine and complex assignments involving responsibility for planning
and conducting a complete project of limited scope or a portion of a larger, more complex project. Selects and
adapts techniques, designs, or layouts. Reviews, analyzes and interprets the technical work of others. Completed
work is reviewed for technical adequacy. Recommendations for major changes or costly alterations to basic designs
are approved by supervisor.
 
Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technician VI
Engineering Technician, Civil VI independently plans and accomplishes complete conventional projects or serves as
an expert in a narrow aspect of a civil engineering field. Applies creativity and judgment to plan projects,
resolve design problems, and adapt equipment, procedures, or techniques. Recommendations, plans, designs, and
reports are reviewed for general adequacy and soundness of engineering judgment. Supervisor provides advice on
unusual or controversial problems or policy matters. May direct or train lower level technicians.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists
Civil engineering technicians help civil engineers to plan and build highways, buildings, bridges, dams,
wastewater treatment systems, and other structures, and to do related research. Some estimate construction costs
and specify materials to be used, and some may even prepare drawings or perform land-surveying duties. Others may
set up and monitor instruments used to study traffic conditions.
 
Benchmark Title: Electro-Mechanical Technicians
Electromechanical engineering technicians combine fundamental principles of mechanical engineering technology with
knowledge of electrical and electronic circuits to design, develop, test, and manufacture electrical and
computer-controlled mechanical systems.
 
Benchmark Title: Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians help to design, develop, test, and manufacture electrical and
electronic equipment such as communication equipment, radar, industrial and medical measuring or control devices,
navigational equipment, and computers. They may work in product evaluation and testing, using measuring and
diagnostic devices to adjust, test, and repair equipment.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineering Technician I (Entry)
Engineering Technician I performs simple routine tasks under close supervision or from detailed procedures. Work is
checked in progress or on completion.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineering Technician II (Junior)
Engineering Technician II performs standardized or prescribed assignments involving a sequence of related
operations. Follows standard work methods on recurring assignments but receives explicit instructions on unfamiliar
assignments. May become familiar with the operation and design of equipment and with maintenance procedures and
standards. Technical adequacy of routine work is reviewed on completion; non-routine work may also be reviewed in
pro gress.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineering Technician III (Fully Qualified)
Engineering Technician III prforms assignments that are not completely standardized or prescribed. Selects or
adapts standard procedures or equipment, using precedents that are not fully applicable. Receives initial
instruction, equipment requirements, and advice from supervisor or engineer as needed; performs recurring work
independently; work is reviewed for technical adequacy or conformity with instructions.
 
Benchmark Title: Engineering Technician IV (Senior/Advanced)
Engineering Technician IV performs non-routine assignments of substantial variety and complexity, using operational
precedents which are not fully applicable. Such assignments, which are typically parts of broader assignments, are
screened to eliminate unusual design problems. May also plan such assignments. Receives technical advice from
supervisor or engineer; work is reviewed for technical adequacy (or conformity with instructions). May be assisted
by lower level technicians and have frequent contact with professionals and others within the establishment.
 
 
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Benchmark Title: Environmental Engineering Technicians
Environmental engineering technicians work closely with environmental engineers and scientists in developing
methods and devices used in the prevention, control, or correction of environmental hazards. They inspect and
maintain equipment affecting air pollution and recycling. Some inspect water and wastewater treatment systems to
ensure that pollution control requirements are met.
 
Benchmark Title: Environmental Science and Protection Technicians
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health perform laboratory and field tests to monitor
the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an
environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing
and take corrective actions as assigned.
 
Benchmark Title: Geological and Petroleum Technicians
Geological and Petroleum Technicians assist scientists in the use of electrical,
sonic, or nuclear measuring instruments in both laboratory and production activities to obtain data indicating
potential sources of metallic ore, gas, or petroleum. Analyze mud and drill cuttings. Chart pressure, temperature,
and other characteristics of wells or bore holes. Investigate and collect information leading to the possible
discovery of new oil fields.
 
Benchmark Title: Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists
Industrial engineering technicians study the efficient use of personnel, materials, and machines in factories,
stores, repair shops, and offices. They prepare layouts of machinery and equipment, plan the flow of work, make
statistical studies, and analyze production costs.
 
Benchmark Title: Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists
Mechanical engineering technicians help engineers to design, develop, test, and manufacture industrial machinery,
consumer products, and other equipment. They may assist in product tests¨by setting up instrumentation for auto
crash tests, for example. They may make sketches and rough layouts, record data, make computations, analyze
results, and write reports. When planning production, mechanical engineering technicians prepare layouts and
drawings of the assembly process and of parts to be manufactured. They estimate labor costs, equipment life, and
plant space. Some test and inspect machines and equipment or work with engineers to eliminate production problems.
 
Benchmark Title: Traffic Technicians
Traffic Technicians conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of
lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Engineering/Scientific Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
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Job Family: Marine Engineering
Benchmark Title: Marine Engineers and Naval Architects
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects design, develop, and evaluate the operation of marine vessels, ship
machinery, and related equipment, such as power supply and propulsion systems.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Engineering/Scientific Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific ---- Occupation Wide Salary Forecasts >>
Job Family: Mathematics
Benchmark Title: Mathematical Scientists
Mathematicians use mathematical theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and the latest computer technology to
solve economic, scientific, engineering, physics, and business problems. The work of mathematicians falls into two
broad classes ¨ theoretical (pure) mathematics and applied mathematics. These classes, however, are not sharply
defined, and often overlap.
 
Benchmark Title: Mathematical Technicians
Mathematical Technicians apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological
problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives,
processes, equipment, and products.
 
Benchmark Title: Statistical Assistants
Statistical Assistants compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies.
May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. Include actuarial clerks.
 
Benchmark Title: Statisticians
Statisticians engage in the development of mathematical theory or apply statistical theory and methods to collect,
organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields, such as
bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, economic statistics, or other fields. Includes
mathematical statisti cians.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Engineering/Scientific Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
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Job Family: Metalurgical Enginerring
Benchmark Title: Materials Engineers
Materials engineers are involved in the extraction, development, processing, and
testing of the materials used to create a diversity of products, from computer chips and television screens to golf
clubs and snow skis. Materials Engineers work with metals, ceramics, plastics, semiconductors, and combinations of
materials called composites to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical
requirements. They also are involved in selecting materials for new applications.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Engineering/Scientific Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
CompGeo Occupation Group: Engineering/Scientific ---- Occupation Wide Salary Forecasts >>
Job Family: Scientist
Benchmark Title: Acgricultural and Food Science Technicians
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians work with agricultural scientists in food, fiber, and animal research,
production, and processing; assist with animal breeding and nutrition work; under supervision, conduct tests and
experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or
insects. Include technicians who assist food scientists or food technologists in the research, development,
production technology, quality control, packaging, processing, and use of foods.
 
Benchmark Title: Agricultural and Food Scientists
Agricultural scientists study farm crops and animals, and develop ways of improving their quantity and quality.
They look for ways to improve crop yield with less labor, control pests and weeds more safely and effectively, and
conserve soil and water. They research methods of converting raw agricultural commodities into attractive and
healthy food products for consumers.
 
Benchmark Title: Anthropologists and Archeologists
Anthropologists and Archeologists study the origin, development, and behavior of
humans. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of existing people in various parts of the
world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining
from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.
 
Benchmark Title: Astronomers
Astronomers use the principles of physics and mathematics to learn about the fundamental nature of the universe,
including the sun, moon, planets, stars, and galaxies. They also apply their knowledge to solve problems in
navigation, space flight, and satellite communications, and to develop the instrumentation and techniques used to
observe and collect astronomical data.
 
Benchmark Title: Atmospheric and Space Scientists
Atmospheric and Space Scientists investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret
meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts
for public and other uses. Include weather analysts and forecasters who work for radio and TV stations and whose
functions require the detailed knowledge of a meteorologist.
 
Benchmark Title: Computer Scientists Research
Computer and Information Scientists, Research conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as
theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and
software.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
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Benchmark Title: Economists
Economists study how society distributes scarce resources such as land, labor, raw materials, and machinery to
produce goods and services. They conduct research, collect and analyze data, monitor economic trends, and develop
forecasts. They research issues such as energy costs, inflation, interest rates, exchange rates, business cycles,
taxes, or employment levels. Economists devise methods and procedures for obtaining the data they need. For
example, sampling techniques may be used to conduct a survey, and various mathematical modeling techniques may be
used to develop forecasts. Preparing reports, including tables and charts, on research results is an important part
of an economistĂs job. Presenting economic and statistical concepts in a clear and meaningful way is particularly
important for economists whose research is directed toward making policies for an organization. Some economists
might also provide economic analysis to the media.
 
Benchmark Title: Environmental Scientists, Including Health
Environmental scientists conduct research to identify and abate or eliminate sources of pollutants that affect
people, wildlife, and their environments. These workers analyze and report measurements and observations of air,
water, soil, and other sources and make recommendations on how best to clean and preserve the environment.
Understanding the issues involved in protecting the environment¨degradation, conservation, recycling, and
replenishment¨is central to the work of environmental scientists, who often use their skills and knowledge to
design and monitor waste disposal sites, preserve water supplies, and reclaim contaminated land and water to comply
with Federal environmental regulations.
 
Benchmark Title: Foresters
Foresters manage, use, and help protect forests and other natural resources. Foresters manage forestlands for a
variety of purposes. Foresters who work in private industry acquire timber from private landowners. To do this,
they contact local forest owners to gain permission to inventory their timber. They check the type, amount, and
location of all standing timber on the property. Foresters who work for state and federal governments manage public
forests and parks. Managing public forests involves a number of possible duties. For example, foresters may plan
and carry out conservation programs. They may plan ways to control floods or fires. They may fight forest fires or
direct other workers as they fight them.
 
Benchmark Title: Historians
Historians research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and
institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, and unpublished
manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.
 
Benchmark Title: Hydrologists
Hydrologists study the quantity, distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface
waters. They examine the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, its movement
through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere. The work hydrologists do is particularly important
in environmental preservation, remediation, and flood control.
 
 
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CompGeo Engineering/Scientific Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
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Benchmark Title: Physicists
Physicists explore and identify basic principles governing the structure and behavior of matter, the generation and
transfer of energy, and the interaction of matter and energy. Some physicists use these principles in theoretical
areas, such as the nature of time and the origin of the universe; others apply their physics knowledge to practical
areas, such as the development of advanced materials, electronic and optical devices, and medical equipment.
 
Benchmark Title: Political Scientists
Political Scientists study the origin, development, and operation of political systems. Research a wide range of
subjects, such as relations between the United States and foreign countries, the beliefs and institutions of
foreign nations, or the politics of small towns or a major metropolis. May study topics, such as public opinion,
political decision making, and ideology. May analyze the structure and operation of governments, as well as various
political entities. May conduct public opinion surveys, analyze election results, or analyze public documents.
 
Benchmark Title: Sociologists
Sociologists study society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions people form, as
well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. They also study the behavior of, and
interaction among, groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on
individual members. Sociologists are concerned with the characteristics of social groups, organizations, and
institutions; the ways individuals are affected by each other and by the groups to which they belong; and the
effect of social traits such as sex, age, or race on a personĂs daily life. The results of sociological research
aid educators, lawmakers, administrators, and others interested in resolving social problems and formulating public
policy.
 
Benchmark Title: Survey Researchers
Survey researchers design and conduct surveys for a variety of clients such as corporations, government agencies,
political candidates, and service providers. They use surveys to collect information that is used for research,
making fiscal or policy decisions, measuring policy effectiveness, and improving customer satisfaction. Analysts
may conduct opinion research to determine public attitudes on various issues, which may help political or business
leaders and others assess public support for their electoral prospects or social policies. Like market research
analysts, survey researchers may use a variety of mediums to conduct surveys, such as the Internet, personal or
telephone interviews, or mail questionnaires. They also may supervise interviewers who conduct surveys in person or
over the telephone.
 
Benchmark Title: Surveyors and Mapping Scientists
Surveyors make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour,
gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for
engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.
 
Benchmark Title: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and wildlife¨their origin, behavior, diseases, and life processes.
Some experiment with live animals in controlled or natural surroundings, while others dissect dead animals in order
to study their structure. They also may collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects
of current and potential use of land and water areas. Zoologists usually are identified by the animal group
studied¨ornithologists (birds), mammalogists (mammals), herpetologists (reptiles), and ichthyologists (fish).
 
 
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Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Engineering/Scientific Salary Reports
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Job Family: Scientist - Physical/Biologcal
Benchmark Title: Epidemiologists
Epidemiologists can be separated into two groups, research and clinical. Research epidemiologists conduct basic and
advanced research on infectious diseases that affect the entire body, such as AIDS or typhus¨attempting to
eradicate or control these diseases. Others may focus only on localized infections of the brain, lungs, or
digestive tract, for example. Research epidemiologists work at colleges and universities, schools of public health,
medical schools, and research and development services firms. Clinical epidemiologists work primarily in
consulting roles at hospitals, informing the medical staff of infectious outbreaks and providing containment
solutions. These clinical epidemiologists sometimes are referred to as infection control professionals.
Consequently, many epidemiologists in this specific area often are physicians.
 
Benchmark Title: Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Medical scientists study biological systems to understand the causes of disease and other health problems and to
develop treatments. They try to identify changes in a cell or chromosomes that signal the development of medical
problems, such as different types of cancer. For example, a medical scientist involved in cancer research may
formulate a combination of drugs that will lessen the effects of the disease. Medical scientists who are also
physicians can administer these drugs to patients in clinical trials, monitor their reactions, and observe the
results. Those who are not physicians normally collaborate with a physician who deals directly with patients.
 
Benchmark Title: Microbiologists
Microbiologists investigate the growth and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, or
fungi. Most microbiologists specialize in environmental, food, agricultural, or industrial microbiology; virology
(the study of viruses); or immunology (the study of mechanisms that fight infections). Many microbiologists use
biotechnology to advance knowledge of cell reproduction and human disease.
 
 
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Job Family: Scientist, Mathematics
Benchmark Title: Material Scientists
Materials scientists research and study the structures and chemical properties of various materials to develop new
products or enhance existing ones. They also determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new
materials for use in a variety of products. Materials science encompasses the natural and synthetic materials used
in a wide range of products and structures, from airplanes, cars, and bridges to clothing and household goods.
Companies whose products are made of metals, ceramics, and rubber employ most materials scientists. Other
applications of materials science include studies of superconducting materials, graphite materials,
integrated-circuit chips, and fuel cells. Materials scientists, applying chemistry and physics, study all aspects
of these materials. Chemistry plays an increasingly dominant role in materials science, because it provides
information about the structure and composition of materials. Materials scientists often specialize in specific
areas such as ceramics or metals.
 
 
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