Construction and Related Salary and Compensation Survey Benchmark Job Descriptions
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
CompGeo Occupation Group: Construction ---- Occupation Wide Salary Forecasts >>
Job Family: Construction Trades
Benchmark Title: Air Hammer Operators
Use air hammer to: Break asphalt, concrete, stone, or other pavement; loosen earth, dig clay, or break rock, to
trim bottom or sides of trenches or other excavations; drill holes in concrete; reduce size of large stones; or
tamp earth in backfills.
 
Benchmark Title: Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of
woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate
parts for wood products.
 
Benchmark Title: Carpet Installers
Carpet installers first inspect the surface to be covered to determine its condition then they measure the area to
be carpeted and plan the layout, keeping in mind expected traffic patterns and placement of seams for best
appearance and maximum wear. When installing wall-to-wall carpet without tacks, installers first fasten a tackless
strip to the floor, next to the wall. They then install the padded cushion or underlay. Next, they roll out,
measure, mark, and cut the carpet, allowing for 2 to 3 inches of extra carpet for the final fitting. Using a device
called a knee kicker, they position the carpet, stretching it to fit evenly on the floor and snugly against each
wall and door threshold. They then cut off the excess carpet. Finally, using a power stretcher, they stretch the
carpet, hooking it to the tackless strip to hold it in place. The installers then finish the edges using a wall
trimmer.
 
Benchmark Title: Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers
Cement masons and concrete finishers place and finish the concrete. They also may color concrete surfaces; expose
aggregate (small stones) in walls and sidewalks; or fabricate concrete beams, columns, and panels. In preparing a
site for placing concrete, cement masons first set the forms for holding the concrete and properly align them. They
then direct the casting of the concrete and supervise laborers who use shovels or special tools to spread it.
Masons then guide a straightedge back and forth across the top of the forms to screed, or level, the freshly placed
concrete. Immediately after leveling the concrete, masons carefully smooth the concrete surface with a bull float
that covers the coarser materials in the concrete and brings a rich mixture of fine cement paste to the surface.
 
Benchmark Title: Construction Laborers
Construction laborers perform a wide range of physically demanding tasks involving building and highway
construction, tunnel and shaft excavation, hazardous waste removal, environmental remediation, and demolition.
Although the term laborer implies work that requires relatively little skill or training, many tasks that these
workers perform require a fairly high level of training and experience. Construction laborers clean and prepare
construction sites to eliminate possible hazards, dig trenches, mix and place concrete, and set braces to support
the sides of excavations. They load, unload, identify, and distribute building materials to the appropriate
location according to project plans and specifications on building construction projects.
 
Benchmark Title: Crane and Tower Operators
Crane and Tower Operators operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move
materials, machines, or products in many directions.
 
 
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
Benchmark Title: Dragline Operators
Dragline Operators operate power-driven crane equipment with dragline bucket to excavate or move sand, gravel, mud,
or other materials.
 
Benchmark Title: Drywall Installers
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of
buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings
and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Include lathers who
fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for
plaster, fire-proofing, or acoustical material. Excludes Carpenters and Tile and Marble Setters.
 
Benchmark Title: Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas
Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas operate a variety of drills--such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic--to tap
sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to
facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. May use explosives. Include horizontal and earth boring
machine operators.
 
Benchmark Title: Excavating and Loading Machine Operators
Excavating and Loading Machine Operators operate machinery equipped with scoops,
shovels, or buckets to excavate and load loose materials.
 
Benchmark Title: Excavating, Loading Machine and Dragline Operators
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators operate or tend machinery equipped with scoops, shovels, or
buckets, to excavate and load loose materials. This consolidated benchmark includes Excavating and Loading Machine
Operators and Dragline Operators.
 
Benchmark Title: Fence Erectors
Fence Erectors erect and repair metal and wooden fences and fence gates around highways, industrial establishments,
residences, or farms, using hand and power tools.
 
Benchmark Title: Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles
Floor installers, or floor layers, apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or
decorative coverings to floors and cabinets using rollers, knives, trowels, sanding machines, and other tools. Some
floor covering materials are designed to be purely decorative. Others have more specialized purposes, such as to
deaden sound, to absorb shocks, or to create air-tight environments. Before installing the floor, floor layers
inspect the surface to be covered and, if necessary, correct any imperfections in order to start with a smooth,
clean foundation. They measure and cut floor covering materials, such as rubber, vinyl, linoleum, or cork, and any
foundation material, such as felt, according to designated blueprints. Next, they may nail or staple a wood
underlayment to the surface or may use an adhesive to cement the foundation material to the floor; the foundation
helps to deaden sound and prevents the top floor covering from wearing at board joints. Finally, floor layers
install the top covering.
 
 
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
Benchmark Title: Glaziers
Glaziers are responsible for selecting, cutting, installing, replacing, and removing all types of glass. They
generally work on one of several types of projects. Residential glazing involves work such as replacing glass in
home windows; installing glass mirrors, shower doors, and bathtub enclosures; and fitting glass for tabletops and
display cases. On commercial interior projects, glaziers install items such as heavy, often etched, decorative room
dividers or security windows.
 
Benchmark Title: Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators
.
 
Benchmark Title: Hard Tile Setters
Tile installers, tilesetters, and marble setters apply hard tile and marble to floors, walls, ceilings, and roof
decks. Tile is durable, impervious to water, and easy to clean, making it a popular building material in hospitals,
tunnels, lobbies of buildings, bathrooms, and kitchens.
 
Benchmark Title: Hazardous Materials Removal Workers
Hazardous materials removal workers identify, remove, package, transport, and dispose of various hazardous
materials, including asbestos, lead, and radioactive and nuclear materials. The removal of hazardous materials, or
hazmats, from public places and the environment also is called abatement, remediation, and decontamination.
Hazardous materials removal workers use a variety of tools and equipment, depending on the work at hand. Equipment
ranges from brooms to personal protective suits that completely isolate workers from the hazardous material.
 
Benchmark Title: Highway Maintenance Workers
Highway Maintenance Workers maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way.
Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May
also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.
 
Benchmark Title: Hoist and Winch Operators
Hoist and Winch Operators operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using power-operated cable
equipment.
 
Benchmark Title: Insulation Workers
Insulation workers cement, staple, wire, tape, or spray insulation. When covering a steampipe, for example,
insulation workers measure and cut sections of insulation to the proper length, stretch it open along a cut that
runs the length of the material, and slip it over the pipe. They fasten the insulation with adhesive, staples,
tape, or wire bands. Sometimes, they wrap a cover of aluminum, plastic, or canvas over the insulation and cement or
band the cover in place. Insulation workers may screw on sheet metal around insulated pipes to protect the
insulation from weather conditions or physical abuse.
 
Benchmark Title: Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers
Manufactured building and mobile home installers move or install homes or prefabricated buildings.
 
 
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
Benchmark Title: Painters, Construction and Maintenance
Painters apply paint, stain, varnish, and other finishes to buildings and other structures. They choose the right
paint or finish for the surface to be covered, taking into account durability, ease of handling, method of
application, and customersĂ wishes. Painters first prepare the surfaces to be covered, so that the paint will
adhere properly. This may require removing the old coat of paint by stripping, sanding, wire brushing, burning, or
water and abrasive blasting. Painters also wash walls and trim to remove dirt and grease, fill nail holes and
cracks, sandpaper rough spots, and brush off dust. On new surfaces, they apply a primer or sealer to prepare the
surface for the finish coat.
 
Benchmark Title: Paperhangers
Paperhangers cover walls and ceilings with decorative wall coverings made of paper, vinyl, or fabric. They first
prepare the surface to be covered by applying ˘sizing,÷ which seals the surface and makes the covering stick
better. When redecorating, they may first remove the old covering by soaking, steaming, or applying solvents. When
necessary, they patch holes and take care of other imperfections before hanging the new wall covering.
 
Benchmark Title: Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other
materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt,
or other materials. Include concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators,
and stone spreader operators.
 
Benchmark Title: Pile-Driver Operators
Piledriver operators operate piledrivers - large machines, mounted on skids, barges, or cranes, that hammer piles
into the ground. Piles are long heavy beams of wood or steel driven into the ground to support retaining walls,
bulkheads, bridges, piers, or building foundations. Some piledriver operators work on offshore oil rigs. Piledriver
operators move hand and foot levers and turn valves to activate, position, and control the pile-driving equipment.
 
Benchmark Title: Pipelayers
Pipelayers lay clay, concrete, plastic, or cast-iron pipe for drains, sewers, water mains, and oil or gas lines.
Before laying the pipe, pipelayers prepare and grade the trenches either manually or with machines.
 
Benchmark Title: Plasterers and Stucco Masons
Plasterers apply plaster to interior walls and ceilings to form fire-resistant and relatively soundproof surfaces.
They also apply plaster veneer over drywall to create smooth or textured abrasion-resistant finishes. In addition,
plasterers install prefabricated exterior insulation systems over existing walls for good insulation and
interesting architectural effects and cast ornamental designs in plaster. Stucco masons apply durable plasters,
such as polymer-based acrylic finishes and stucco, to exterior surfaces.
 
 
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
Benchmark Title: Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers
Reinforcing iron and rebar workers set reinforcing bars (often called rebar) in the forms that hold concrete,
following blueprints showing the location, size, and number of bars. They then fasten the bars together by tying
wire around them with pliers. When reinforcing floors, ironworkers place spacers under the rebar to hold the bars
off the deck. Although these materials usually arrive ready to use, ironworkers occasionally must cut bars with
metal shears or acetylene torches, bend them by hand or machine, or weld them with arc-welding equipment. Some
concrete is reinforced with welded wire fabric. Using hooked rods, workers cut and fit the fabric, and while a
concrete crew places the concrete, ironworkers properly position the fabric into the concrete..
 
Benchmark Title: Riggers
Riggers set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and
shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.
 
Benchmark Title: Roofers
Roofers repair and install roofs made of tar or asphalt and gravel; rubber or thermoplastic; metal; or shingles
made of asphalt, slate, fiberglass, wood, tile, or other material. Repair and reroofing replacing old roofs on
existing buildings provide many job opportunities for these workers. Roofers also may waterproof foundation walls
and floors.
 
Benchmark Title: Segmental Pavers
Segmental pavers lay out, cut, and install pavers, which are flat pieces of masonry usually made from compacted
concrete or brick. Pavers are used to pave paths, patios, playgrounds, driveways, and steps. They are manufactured
in various textures and often interlock together to form an attractive pattern. Segmental pavers first prepare the
site by removing the existing pavement or soil. They grade the remaining soil to the proper depth and determine the
amount of base material that is needed, which depends on the local soil conditions. They then install and compact
the base material, a granular material that compacts easily, and lay the pavers from the center out, so that any
trimmed pieces will be on the outside rather than in the center. Then, they install edging materials to prevent the
pavers from shifting and fill the spaces between the pavers with dry sand.
 
Benchmark Title: Sheet Metal Workers
Sheet metal workers make, install, and maintain heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning duct systems; roofs;
siding; rain gutters; downspouts; skylights; restaurant equipment; outdoor signs; railroad cars; tailgates;
customized precision equipment; and many other products made from metal sheets. They also may work with fiberglass
and plastic materials. Although some workers specialize in fabrication, installation, or maintenance, most do all
three jobs. Sheet metal workers do both construction-related sheet metal work and mass production of sheet metal
products in manufacturing.
 
Benchmark Title: Structural Iron and Steel Workers
Structural and reinforcing iron and metal workers place and install iron or steel girders, columns, and other
construction materials to form buildings, bridges, and other structures. They also position and secure steel bars
or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce the concrete used in highways, buildings, bridges, tunnels, and
other structures. In addition, they repair and renovate older buildings and structures. Even though the primary
metal involved in this work is steel, these workers often are known as ironworkers.
 
 
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CompGeo Construction Occupation Group Benchmark Job Descriptions
Individual Job/Job Family Salary Surveys: CompGeo Online Associate Construction Salary Reports
Detailed Occupation Wide Pro Salary Surveys: CompGeo Pro Occupation Group - CompGeo Pro Salary Forecast Reports
Benchmark Title: Tapers
Tapers seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering.
 
 
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